Monster truck suspensions are designed to withstand the extreme off-road conditions that they encounter during competition. They have to be able to handle enormous jumps and landings, as well as rough terrain, which requires a suspension that is both strong and flexible. To understand how monster truck suspensions work, it is important to know the different types of suspension available and the components that make up each type.
Coil Springs are the most commonly used suspension system in monster trucks. This type of suspension consists of a steel coil spring mounted on top of an axle.
The spring absorbs shock from the terrain by pushing against the axle, allowing for a smooth ride over bumps and jumps. Coil springs also allow for more control when cornering as they allow more flexibility.
Air Suspension is another type of suspension system used in monster trucks. Air suspensions consist of two large bellows connected to an adjustable air tank and mounted between the axles. As the truck moves over uneven terrain, air pressure is applied to the bellows, allowing them to expand and contract with the movement of the vehicle, providing a smooth ride.
Hydraulic Suspension is a newer type of suspension that utilizes hydraulic fluid instead of air or coil springs. This system consists of two cylinders filled with hydraulic fluid which are connected to an adjustable pressure valve. When pressure is applied to one cylinder, it will force fluid into the other cylinder, creating an even distribution throughout both axles and providing a smoother ride.
Monster truck suspensions are designed for extreme off-road conditions and must be strong yet flexible enough to handle jumps, landings, and rough terrain. The three main types of monster truck suspensions are coil springs, air suspensions, and hydraulic suspensions which all provide different levels of control and flexibility for drivers navigating extreme courses.